韋氏詞典2019年度詞匯 they
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-12-11 08:22 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Merriam-Webster has named "they" its word of the year.
 
韋氏詞典近日將“they”(他們/她們)評為2019年度詞匯。
 
The US dictionary also recently added a new definition of "they", reflecting its use as a singular personal pronoun for non-binary people.
 
Searches for "they" on Merriam-Webster's website were 313% higher this year than they were in 2018.
 
British pop star Sam Smith came out as non-binary in March, and in September confirmed on Instagram that their pronouns were "they/them".
 
Announcing their pronouns, Smith wrote: "I understand there will be many mistakes and misgendering, but all I ask is you please please try. I hope you can see me like I see myself now."
 
A number of other high-profile non-binary figures were also in the news this year.
 
Catwalk model Oslo Grace rose to prominence2 in January, and spoke3 to fashion magazines Vogue4 and Dazed and Confused about their gender1 identity and the fashion world.
 
Another non-binary model, Ayesha Tan Jones, was also in the news in September - for staging a silent protest while walking a Gucci show in September.
 
Peter Sokolowski, Merriam-Webster's editor-at-large, told the Associated Press news agency that searches shot up when Oslo Grace was rising to prominence, when Sam Smith came out, and when US congresswoman Pramila Jayapal spoke about her gender-nonconforming child while arguing for LGBTQ rights legislation in April.
 
"It reflects a surprising fact: even a basic term - a personal pronoun - can rise to the top of our data," the dictionary said in a statement.


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1 gender slSyD     
n.(生理上的)性,(名詞、代詞等的)性
參考例句:
  • French differs from English in having gender for all nouns.法語不同于英語,所有的名詞都有性。
  • Women are sometimes denied opportunities solely because of their gender.婦女有時僅僅因為性別而無法獲得種種機會。
2 prominence a0Mzw     
n.突出;顯著;杰出;重要
參考例句:
  • He came to prominence during the World Cup in Italy.他在意大利的世界杯賽中聲名鵲起。
  • This young fashion designer is rising to prominence.這位年輕的時裝設計師的聲望越來越高。
3 spoke XryyC     
n.(車輪的)輻條;輪輻;破壞某人的計劃;阻撓某人的行動 v.講,談(speak的過去式);說;演說;從某種觀點來說
參考例句:
  • They sourced the spoke nuts from our company.他們的輪輻螺帽是從我們公司獲得的。
  • The spokes of a wheel are the bars that connect the outer ring to the centre.輻條是輪子上連接外圈與中心的條棒。
4 Vogue 6hMwC     
n.時髦,時尚;adj.流行的
參考例句:
  • Flowery carpets became the vogue.花卉地毯變成了時髦貨。
  • Short hair came back into vogue about ten years ago.大約十年前短發又開始流行起來了。
TAG標簽: Word dictionary they
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