如何避免過度疲勞
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2020-09-01 09:07 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
Whether it's studying for exams, working on a project or struggling with a dissertation1, we've all been under immense stress at some point. When it gets a bit overwhelming, we can reach a level of exhaustion2 that is unprecedented3 – the dreaded4 burnout. However, that feeling of exhaustion is not just physical; it can be mental as well.
 
According to 'Psychology5 Today', burnout isn't just caused by working long hours; it is more about prolonged or repeated exposure to a stressful situation. The result can be feelings of cynicism, depression and lethargy. A feeling of loss of control in a work scenario6 can create a conflict with the sense of self - which can lead to burnout. Suffering from burnout can stifle7 our creativity and productivity. Ironically, this means that striving to be more efficient can result in a reduction in our productivity.
 
But what can we do to avoid the evils of burnout? Well, there are some tips that may help you. Psychologist Albert Bandura's idea of self-efficacy - which is the theory that you should believe in your ability to complete a task at hand - may assist you. A feeling that the task is achievable and that you are capable of succeeding means that a difficult task might be less gruelling.
 
Finding ways to express your creative side may help. Not everyone has creative aspects to their jobs, and, therefore, they need to find other outlets8. They could paint, write or take part in local theatre. All of this may help to detach them from the overwhelming stress that may exist in their working life.
 
Looking after yourself and your surroundings can also be beneficial. The consequence is that you are surrounded by a cleaner and more positive environment. This, in turn, leads to another tip, which is to have healthy and positive thoughts. Being negative can be incredibly draining. Having a positive mental attitude towards everything you do means that you may feel more capable as well.
 
Burnout is a common condition associated with the pressures of the modern world. It's not just a physical condition; it has psychological effects that can impact heavily on your work and life in general. Taking steps to avoid burning out can benefit not just us, but our bosses and families.


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1 dissertation PlezS     
n.(博士學位)論文,學術演講,專題論文
參考例句:
  • He is currently writing a dissertation on the Somali civil war.他目前正在寫一篇關于索馬里內戰的論文。
  • He was involved in writing his doctoral dissertation.他在聚精會神地寫他的博士論文。
2 exhaustion OPezL     
n.耗盡枯竭,疲憊,筋疲力盡,竭盡,詳盡無遺的論述
參考例句:
  • She slept the sleep of exhaustion.她因疲勞而酣睡。
  • His exhaustion was obvious when he fell asleep standing.他站著睡著了,顯然是太累了。
3 unprecedented 7gSyJ     
adj.無前例的,新奇的
參考例句:
  • The air crash caused an unprecedented number of deaths.這次空難的死亡人數是空前的。
  • A flood of this sort is really unprecedented.這樣大的洪水真是十年九不遇。
4 dreaded XuNzI3     
adj.令人畏懼的;害怕的v.害怕,恐懼,擔心( dread的過去式和過去分詞)
參考例句:
  • The dreaded moment had finally arrived. 可怕的時刻終于來到了。
  • He dreaded having to spend Christmas in hospital. 他害怕非得在醫院過圣誕節不可。 來自《用法詞典》
5 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理學,心理狀態
參考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受過兒童心理學的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在劍橋大學學習哲學和心理學。
6 scenario lZoxm     
n.劇本,腳本;概要
參考例句:
  • But the birth scenario is not completely accurate.然而分娩腳本并非完全準確的。
  • This is a totally different scenario.這是完全不同的劇本。
7 stifle cF4y5     
vt.使窒息;悶死;扼殺;抑止,阻止
參考例句:
  • She tried hard to stifle her laughter.她強忍住笑。
  • It was an uninteresting conversation and I had to stifle a yawn.那是一次枯燥無味的交談,我不得不強忍住自己的呵欠。
8 outlets a899f2669c499f26df428cf3d18a06c3     
n.出口( outlet的名詞復數 );經銷店;插座;廉價經銷店
參考例句:
  • The dumping of foreign cotton blocked outlets for locally grown cotton. 外國棉花的傾銷阻滯了當地生產的棉花的銷路。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • They must find outlets for their products. 他們必須為自己的產品尋找出路。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
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